بررسی تأثیر متغیرهای فردی در اضطراب کامپیوتر در میان دانشجویان کارشناسی ارشد مرکز آموزش های الکترونیکی دانشگاه تهران

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه علوم تربیتی دانشگاه پیام نور

2 کارشناس ارشد دانشگاه پیام نور

چکیده

چکیده
پژوهش حاضر به منظور بررسی روابط اضطراب رایانه با تجربۀ رایانه، سن، جنسیت، رشتۀ
تحصیلی و انگیزة پیشرفت دانشجویان کارشناسی ارشد آموزش های الکترونیکی دانشگاه تهران
صورت گرفت. در این پژوهش 151 دانشجوی شرکتکننده در دورههای مجازی به صورت
تصادفی انتخاب شدند. برای بررسی متغیرهای پژوهش از پرسشنامۀ محققساخته تجربۀ رایانه،
مقیاس درجهبندی اضطراب رایانه و پرسشنامۀ انگیزة پیشرفت استفاده شد . نتایج نشان داد که
بین رشتۀ تحصیلی و سن با میزان اضطراب رایانه تفاوت معناداری وجود ندارد. آزمون تحلیل
واریانس نشان داد که تجربۀ رایانه و انگیزة پیشرفت بیشترین روابط منفی و معنادار را با
اضطراب رایانه دارند. میانگین اضطراب رایانه دو جنس دختر و پسر تفاوت معناداری نشان
داد؛ به طوری که دختران از اضطراب رایانه بیشتری نسبت به پسران برخوردارند . تفاوت
معناداری در انگیزة پیشرفت بین دو جنس ب ه دست نیامد . پیشنهاد م یشود که دورههای
آموزشی رایانه ارائه شود تا با افزایش تجربۀ رایانه، اضطراب رایانه کاهش یابد.
 

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