طراحی الگویی برای آموزش‌های مبتنی بر وب بر اساس عامل حضور

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری تکنولوژی آموزشی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس ایران

2 دانشیار علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس ایران، مسئول مکاتبات:j.h

3 دانشیار علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس ایران

4 استادیار علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس ایران

چکیده

تا به امروز آموزش مبتنی بر وب روند رو به رشدی را طی نموده است. تعداد بی‌شماری از دوره‌های آموزش مبتنی بر وب توسط مؤسسات آموزشی در سرتاسر دنیا ارائه شده است. برغم افزایش چشم‌گیر دوره‌های مبتنی بر وب و فراگیرانی که در این دوره‌ها ثبت‌نام می‌کنند،  نشانه‌های زیادی مبنی بر اینکه دوره‌های فوق در برآورده سازی نیازهای فراگیران ناموفق بوده و فراگیران تجارب ناموفقی را از چنین دوره‌هایی به یاد دارند،  به چشم می‌خورد. در این بین نتایج بسیاری از تحقیقات نشان می‌دهد عامل حضور، عامل مهمی در پیشرفت و موثر بودن همه آموزش‌ها از جمله آموزش‌های سنتی و از راه دور بوده و همبستگی بالایی با پیشرفت تحصیلی و رضایت فراگیران دارد. بر این اساس، پژوهش حاضر باهدف طراحی الگویی برای آموزش‌های مبتنی بر وب بر اساس عامل حضور انجام شد. روش تحقیق مورد استفاده در این مطالعه، تحلیل محتوای کیفی از نوع قیاسی بود جامعه پژوهش، شامل کلیه منابع و مقالات مرتبط نمایه شده در پایگاه‌های اطلاعاتی پروکوئیست، اسپرینگر، ساینسدایرکت، امرالد، ابسکو، سیج، اریک، و گوگل اسکولار بود. نمونه‌برداری از این منابع با روش نمونه‌گیری هدفمند انجام گرفت، 39 مقاله و کتاب مطابق معیارهای مورد نظر بررسی شد و داده‌های حاصله برای تشکیل چهارچوب پیشنهادی تلفیق گردید.
 

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