Matching Teaching/Learning Styles and Students’ Satisfaction

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 Associate Professor of Educational Administration, School of Education and Psychology, Shahid Beheshti University

2 Assistant Professor, School of Education and Psychology, Shahid Chamran University, Ahwaz, Iran,

چکیده

Part of the theoretical literature and researches conducted in the western countries especially in the USA, concerning learning styles and teaching styles, hypothesize that: a) students’ learning styles are different based on their gender, college degree, and major, b) teachers’ teaching style is consistent with their learning style, and c) matching teaching style/learning style would result in better outcomes, including student satisfaction. The major purpose of the study, reported in this paper, was to investigate these postulates about the students and the faculty members of the School of
Education and Psychology at Shahid Beheshti University of Tehran, Iran.
The Learning Style Questionnaire (Peter Honey, 2006) and The Trainer Style Questionnaire (Peter Honey, 2007), which have identical categorization for teaching/learning styles, were used to identify styles, and for identifying students’ satisfaction, Siddharthan’s questionnaire (1999) was employed. The results of the study showed that there were significant differences in the students’ learning styles, based on their gender, college degree and major. The data also revealed that instructor’s teaching styles, whether indicated by themselves—considered as ‘intended teaching style’— or by their students—considered as ‘actualized teaching style’—were consistent with their learning styles, also significant differences were found in teaching styles of the instructors, based on gender and no differences based on academic discipline. The results also indicated that students whose
learning styles were congruent with the instructor’s teaching style were more satisfied than those who did not enjoy this congruity.

کلیدواژه‌ها


Brown B.L. (2003). Teaching Style vs. Learning Style: Myth and Realities. Career and Vocational Education. No.26 (2003), Also ACVE Home.

Chase C.R. (2001). Learning Styles Theories: Matching preceptors, learners and teaching strategies in the perioperative setting. Semin Perioper Nurse. Vol.10, No.4, (Oct 2001): 184-187.

Cano J. Carton B. L. and Raven M.R. (1992). Learning Styles and Teaching Styles and Personality Styles and of Preservice Teachers of Agricultural Education, Journal of Agricultural Education, Spring 1992, PP. 46-52.

Coffield, F. Moseley, D. Hall, E. and Esclestone, K. (2004). Learning styles and Pedagogy in Post-16 learning. A systematic and critical review, London: Learning Skills Research Center.

Hauer P. Straub C. and Wolf S. (2005). Learning Styles of Allied Health Students Using Kolb’s LSI-IIa. Journal of Allied Health. Vol.34, No.3 (Fall 2005): 177-182.

Hawk, T.F. and Shah, A.J. (2007). Using Learning Style Instruments to Enhance Learning. Decision Science Journal of Innovative Education. Vol.5, Issue 1, (January 2007):1-19.

Heiman T. (2006). Assessing Learning Styles Among Students with and without Learning Disabilities at a Distance Learning University. Learning Disability Quarterly. Vol.29, No.1, (Winter 2006): 55-63.

Henson R.K. and Hawng D.Y. (2002). Variability and Prediction of Measurement Error in Kolb’s Learning Style Inventory Scores: A Reliability Generalization Study. Educational and Psychological

Measurement. Vol.62, No.4 (August 2002):712-727.

Honey P. (2006). The Learning Styles Questionnaire, Peter Honey Publications.

Honey P. (2007). The Trainer Styles Questionnaire, Peter Honey Publications

Kadolph S. J. (2005). Equipment Experts: Enhancing Students Learning in Textile Science. Clothing and Textile Research Journal, Vol. 23 (2005):368-374.

Keri G. (2002). Degree of Congruence Between Instructor and Student Styles Regarding Student Satisfaction. Radical Pedagogy.

Keri G. (2002). Male and female college students’ learning styles differ: an Opportunity for instructional diversification. College Student Journal (Sept 2002).

Mc Donough J. P. and Osterbrink J. (2005). Learning Styles: An Issue in Clinical Education? AANA Journal. Vol.73, No.2, (April 2005): 89-93.

Nelson Laired T.F. and Garver A.K. (2007). Gender Gaps: Understanding teaching style difference between man and woman. Paper presented at Annual Meeting of the Association for Institutional Research, June 2-6, 2007, Kansascity Missouri.

Pashler H. Mc Daniel M. Rohrer D. and B. Jork R. (2008). Learning Styles: Concepts and Evidence. Psychological Science in the Public Interest. Vol.9, No.3 (December 2008) 103-119.

Peacock M. (2001). Match or mismatch? Learning styles and teaching styles in EFL. International Journal of Applied Linguistics. Vol.11, Issue 1 (June 2001): 1-20.

Pheiffer G. Holley D. and Andrew D. (2005). Developing Thoughtful Students: Using Learning Styles in an HE Context. Education and Training. Vol.47, No. 6 (2005):422-431.

Rinaldi C. and Gurung R. (2008). Should Teaching and Learning Styles Match? Journal of The Scholarship of Teaching and Learning. Oct.2008 Edition.

Romanelli F. Bird E. and Ryan M. (2009). Learning Styles: A Review of Theory, Application and Best Practices. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education. Vol.73. No.1 (2009):1-4.

Seevers B.S. and Clark R.W. (1993). Factors Related to Teaching Style Preference of Ohio Cooperative Extension Service Faculty and Program staff. ERIC CE063505 (1993) SR68:1-13.

Siddharthan N.C. (1999). Transition from Senior Secondary to Higher Education: A Learning Environment Perspective. Unpublished Doctored Dissertation, Curtin University Australia.

Spoon, J.C. and Schell, J.W. (1998). Aligning student learning styles with instructors’ teaching style. Journal of Industrial Teacher Education. Vol. 35, No. 2 (Winter 1998): 41-56.

Starbuck G.H. (2003). College Teaching Style by Gender. Paper presented at the Western Social Science Association Annual Meeting, April 9-12, 2003, Nevada, Las Vegas.