تبیین خرد بر مبنای دارایی‌های تحولی و میانجی گری بالندگی (ارائه مدلی علّی)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دکترا روان‌شناسی تربیتی، دانشگاه بوعلی سینا

2 دانشیار دانشگاه بوعلی سینا

3 استاد دانشگاه بوعلی سینا

چکیده

هدف از پژوهش حاضر تبیین خرد بر مبنای دارایی­های تحولی و با میانجی­گری بالندگی بود. به این منظور نمونه­ای متشکل از 668 دانشجو از دانشگاه­های کرمانشاه به روش نمونه­گیری خوشه­ای مرحله­ای انتخاب و مقیاس­های خرد آردلت (2003)، دارایی­های تحولی (2005) و بالندگی (2002) روی آنان اجرا شد. داده­ها با استفاده از الگوی معادله­ ساختاری (SEM) تحلیل گردید. مدل­ نهایی یک الگوی خاص از روابط متغیرهای پژوهش با یکدیگر را ارائه کرد و درمجموع توانست به ترتیب 08/0، 14/0 و 23/0 از واریانس ابعاد شناختی، عاطفی و تأملی خرد را تبیین نماید. شاخص­های برازش مدل نشان از برازندگی مناسب مدل با داده­ها داشتند (57/2=df/2χ، 05/0=RMSEA، 00/1=GFI، 00/1=CFI). اثر مستقیم دارایی­های درونی بر هر سه بعد خرد تأیید و اثر غیرمستقیم آن نیز به وساطت بالندگی بر ابعاد شناختی و عاطفی معنی­دار اما بر بعد تأملی غیرمعنی­دار بود. اثر مستقیم دارایی­های بیرونی نیز بر بعد تأملی تأیید شد اما بر ابعاد شناختی و عاطفی تأیید نشد و اثر غیرمستقیم آن بر ابعاد شناختی و عاطفی معنی­دار و بر بعد تأملی غیرمعنی­دار بود. درمجموع دارایی­های درونی بیش از دارایی­های بیرونی تبیین­کننده­ خرد در دانشجویان بودند.

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