تحلیل تأثیر فضای کارآفرینی بر تمایل کارآفرینی دانشجویان کشاورزی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی ایلام

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترای توسعۀ روستایی و کشاورزی دانشگاه رازی

2 دانشجوی دکترای برنامه‏ریزی درسی دانشگاه شهید بهشتی

3 دانشیار دانشکده کشاورزی و عضو مرکز توسعه اقتصادی اجتماعی دانشگاه رازی

4 عضو هیئت علمی واحد علوم تحقیقات دانشگاه آزاد ایلام

چکیده

چکیده هدف مقاله حاضر، بررسی تأثیر فضای کارآفرینی ایجـاد شـده از سـوی دانشـگاه آزاد بـر تمایـل دانشـجویان کشاورزی نسبت به راه اندازی کسب و کارهای خلاق است. جامعۀ آمـار ی تحقیـ ق، دانشـجو انی کشـاورز ی دانشگاه آزاد یالام بودند (320 (که 169 نفر آن از ان طریـ ق جـدول بارتلـت بـه روش نمونـه گیـری تصـادفی انتخاب شدند. بر اساس نتایج، تمایل کارآفرینانه دانشجویان در حد متوسطی برآورد شد. مهمتـر نی حمایـ ت- ها ی دانشگاه از ید دگاه فراگیران ار، ائۀ دروس مربوط به کارآفرینی، جلب اعتبار، بازار یابی ایـ جلـب مشـتر ی، نیتأم حمایت مالی مورد ازین فراگیران در راهاندازی یک کسب و کار جد دی و حفظ و گسترش آن بود. مـوارد ه بریاخ علاوهٔ برگزاری بازدیدهای علمـ ی از کسـب و کارهـا ی کارآفرینانـه و دعـوت از کارآفرینـان موفـق، کمتر نی یم زان توجه را در دانشگاه از ید دگاه دانشجو انی به خود اختصاص داده بودند. با ایـن حـال، دانشـگاه بیشترین حمایت خود را بر ارائهٔ دروس مربوط به کارآفرینی در سرفصل های آموزشی متمرکـز کـرده اسـت . جینتا مدلساز ی نشان داد که حمایتهای کارآفرینانه دانشگاه از طر قی نگرش نسبت به کـارآفر ینی و مهـارت - یاه عموم ی اثر ریغ مستق می معنیدار ی بر تما لی دانشجو انی به راهانداز ی کسب و کار دارد. یافته های مطالعـه ٔ حاضر میتواند دستاوردهایی برای نظام آموزش عالی کشاورزی داشته باشد. بدین صـورت، راهکارهـایی بـه منظور ایجاد یک فضای کارآفرینی مساعد برای تقویت نـ یزم ۀ راهانـداز ی کسـب و کارهـای خـلاق از سـوی دانشجویان کشاورزی، پیشنهاد شد

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