بررسی نقش واسطه‌ای ارزش تکلیف در رابطه بین کمال‌گرایی مثبت و منفی و اهمال‏کاری تحصیلی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری روانشناسی تربیتی دانشگاه شیراز

2 دانشیار دانشگاه شیراز

3 استادیار دانشگاه شیراز

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر شناخت مکانیسم زیربنایی ارتباط سازههای کمال گرایی مثبت و منفی و
اهمالکاری تحصیلی بود. از این رو نقش سازه ارزش تکلیف به عنوان واسطه ی این ارتباط
مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. شرکت کنندگان در پژوهش 850 دانشجوی دختر و پسر دانشگاه
آزاد اسلامی واحد ارسنجان بودند. برای اندازهگیری متغیرهای پژوهش مقیاس اهمال کاری
تحصیلی، مقیاس های چند بعدی کمال گرایی و خرده مقیاس ارزش تکلیف از پرسشنامه
راهبردهای انگیزشی برای یادگیری مورد استفاده قرار گرفتند. در این پژوهش فرایند آزمون
اثرات واسطهای با استفاده از روش مدلیابی معادلات ساختاری و مطابق با مراحل پیشنهادی
فرازیر و همکاران ( 2004 ) و هویل و اسمیت ( 1994 ) با کمک نرمافزار لیزرل انجام گرفت .
یافته ها نشان داد مدل مفروض با دادههای مشاهده شده برازش مناسبی دارد و کمال گرایی
مثبت و منفی هم به شیوه مستقیم و هم به شیوه غیر مستقیم (با واسطهگری ارزش تکلیف) بر
اهمالکاری تأثیر میگذارد. به این ترتیب که کمال گرایی مثبت به واسطه افزایش ارزشمندی
تکلیف موجب کاهش اهمالکاری تحصیلی میشود و کمال گرایی منفی به واسطه کاهش
ارزشمندی تکلیف موجب افزایش اهمالکاری تحصیلی میشود..

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