تحلیل ساختاری اثر سبک رهبری توزیعی بر پیشرفت تحصیلی دانش آموزان مدارس راهنمایی پسرانه شهر تهران

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار دانشگاه خوارزمی

2 دانشیار دانشگاه شهید بهشتی

چکیده

این پژوهش بهمنظور بررسی الگوی ساختاری اثر سبک رهبری توزیعی بر پیشرفتتحصیلی دانش آموزان با
میانجیگری خوشبینی تحصیلی معلم، رضایت شغلی معلم، تعهدسازمانی معلم، اجرا شد. به منظور اجرای
این پژوهش از مدارس راهنمایی مناطق بیستگانه شهر تهران، نمونه متشکل از 406 معلم پایه سوم راهنمایی
انتخاب شد. معلمان شرکتکننده در این پژوهش به پرسشنامههای پژوهش پاسخ دادند. پیشرفت تحصیلی
دانشآموزان بر اساس نمرات آنها در دروس علوم و ریاضی اندازهگیری شد. تحلیل عاملی تأیی دی الگوی
اندازهگیری متغیر نهفته را تأیید کرد. در این پژوهش ، اثر سبک رهبری توزیعی و متغیرهای میانجی گر بر
پیشرفتتحصیلی در قالب الگوی مفروض و همچنین الگوی نهایی مورد تحلیل قرار گرفت . پنج شاخص
تقریب ریشه میانگین ،(GFI ) نیکویی برازش ،(CFI) برازش مقایسه ای ،( X اصلی شامل خی دو ( 2
برای گزارش میزان برازش الگوی (AGFI ) و نیکویی برازش تطبیقی (RMSEA) مجذورات خطا
مفروض پژوهش بررسی و گزارش شد. نتایج نشان داد که الگوی مفروض از برازش نسبتاً خوبی برخوردار
است ولی یکی از مسیرهای مفروض معنادار نمیباشد. با اصلاح الگو و ارائه الگوی نهایی، تمام تأ ثیرات
0 از / مستقیم و غیرمستقیم و کل بر آن معنادار بود. بهطورکلی این الگو برازش خوبی با داده نشان داد و 11
واریانس پیشرفتتحصیلی را تبیین کرد. نتایج این پژوهش اهمیت توجه به اثر غیرمستقیم به سبک رهبری
توزیعی را با توجه به متغیرهای میانجیگر را نشان میدهد

کلیدواژه‌ها


رابینز، استیفن ( 1385 ) رفتار سازمانی، ترجمه علی پارسائیان و محمد اعرابی :دفتر پژوهشهای فرهنگی .

زینآبادی، حسن رضا( 1389 ) نقش مدیران در پیشرفتتحصیلی دانشآموزان مدارس ابتدایی ، پسرانه شهر تهران: آزمون اثر سبک رهبری تحولی. فصلنامه نوآور یها ی آموزشی ، 34 89-126

قاسمی، وحید ( 1389 ) مدلسا زی ساختاری در پژوهش ها ی اجتماعی. انتشارات جامعه شناسان.

هومن، حیدرعلی ( 1384 ) مدل یابی معادلات ساختاری با کاربرد نرم افزار لیزرل. انتشارات سمت.

Abad Perillo, M. (2005). Empowered Principals' Decision-Making Styles, Teacher's Job Satisfaction and Student Academic Achievement. A Journal of Basic Education, 3(1), 114-128.

Alterman , A . Engle , N & Petegem , K . Verhaeghe , J (2007) The wellbeing of teacher in Flanders: The importance of a Supportive School Culture. Educational Studies . 33. 285-297.

Beard, K., Hoy, w., & Hoy, w. (2010). Academic optimism of individual teachers: Confirming a new construct. Teaching and Teacher Education, 26, 136-1144.

Bevel, R. (2010). The effects of academic optimism on student academic achievement in Alabama: for the degree of Doctor of Education in the Department of Educational Leadership ,Policy, and Technology Studies in the Graduate School of The University of Alabama.

Bogler, R. (2001). The influence of leadership style on teacher job satisfaction. Educational Administration Quarterly, 37(5), 662-683.

Bogler, R. (2002). Two profiles of schoolteachers: A discriminate analysis of job satisfaction. Teaching and Teacher Education, 18(6), 665-673.

Bogler , R (2005) Satisfaction of Jewish and Arab teacher in Israel. Journal of School Psychology. 145. 19-33

chang, H. (2011). A study of the relationships between distributed leadership, teacher academic optimism and student achievement in Taiwanese elementary schools. School Leadership and Management, 31(5), 491-515.

Dannetta, V. (2002). What Factors Influence a Teacher's Commitment to Student Learning? Leadership and Policy in Schools, 1(2), 144-171.

Day, C., Sammons.P, Hopkins, D., Harris, A., Leithwood, k., Gu, Q., et al. (2009). The Impact of School Leadership on Pupil Outcomes Final Report: University of Nottingham. .Fahy, P., Wu, H., & Hoy, w. (2009). Individual academic optimism of secondary teachers: A new concepts and its measure.: (Research Report).

Firestone, A., & Pennell, R. (1993). Teacher commitment, working conditions and differential incentive policies. Review of Educational Research, 63, 489-525.

Goddard , R. Hoy , W. Woolfolk , A (2002) Collective Teacher Efficacy Its Meaning, Measure, and Impact on Student Achievement. American Educational Research Journal. 37. 479-507.

Griffith, J. (2004). Relation of principal transformational leadership to school staff job satisfaction,staff turnover, and school performance. Journal of Educational Administration, 42(3), 333-356.

Gronn, P. (2000). Distributed Properties A New Architecture for Leadership. Educational Management & Administration, 28(3), 317-338.

Gronn, P. (2002). Distributed leadership as a unit of analysis. Distributed leadership as a unit of analysis, The Leadership Quarterly 13, 423-451.

Hallinger , P., & Heck , R. (1996). Reassessing the principalʹs role in school effectiveness: A review of empirical research, 1980‐1995. Educational Administration Quarterly, 32(1), 5-44.

Hallinger , P., & Heck , R. (1998). Exploring the Principal's Contribution to School Effectiveness 1980-1995. School Effectiveness and School Improvement, 9(2), 157-191.

Harris, A. (2004). Distributed Leadership and School Improvement Leading or Misleading? Educational Management Administration & Leadership, 32(1), 11-24.

Harris , A (2006) Opening up the ‘ Black Box’ of Leadership Practice : Taking a Distributed Leadership. Leadership and Management . 34 (2) 37-45

Hoy , W. Tarter, C. Bliss , J(1990) Organizational Climate , School health, and Effectiveness : A Comparative Analysis. EducationalAdministration Quarterly. 26. 260-279.

Hoy, w., & Mikel, G. (2008). Educational administration: Theory, research, and practice. 8th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.

Hoy, w., Tarter, C., & Hoy, w. (2006). Academic optimism of school: A force student achievement. American Educational Research Journal, 43, 425-446.

Hulpia, H., & Devos, G. (2009). Exploring the link between distributed leadership and job satisfaction of school leaders. Educational Studies, 32(2), 153-171.

Hulpia, H., Devos, G., & Rosseel, Y. (2009). The relationship between the perception of distributed leadership in secondary schools and teachers’and teacher leaders’ job satisfaction and organizational commitment.School Effectiveness and School Improvement, 20(291-317).

Hulpia, H., Devos, G., & Van Keen, H. (2011). The Relation Between School Leadership From a Distributed Perspective and Teachers' Organizational Commitment: Examining the Source of the Leadership Function. Educational Administration Quarterly, 47(5), 728.

Hulpia, H., Devos, G., Rosseel, Y., & Vlerick, P. (2012). Dimensions of Distributed Leadership and the Impact on Teachers’ Organizational Commitment: A Study in Secondary Education. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 42(4), 1-40.

Joo , Y. (2010). The Structural Analysis of the Effects of Distributed Leadership on Teacher Professionalism: The University of Texas at Austin in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy.

Koh, W. L., Steers, R. M., & Terborg, J. R. (1995). The effects of transformational leadership on teacher attitudes and student performance in Singapore. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 16(4), 319 – 333.

Kushman , J (1992) The Organizational Dynamics of Teacher workplace Commitment : A Study of Urban elementary and middle school.Educational Administration Quarterly. 25. 5-42

Leithwood, k., & Levin, B. (2005). Assessing School Leader and Leadership Programme Effects on Pupil Learning:Conceptual and Methodological Challenges, Research Report: Department For Education and Skills.

Leithwood, k., Louis, K., Anderson, S., & Wahlstrom, K. (2004). How leadership influences student learning: The Wallace Foundation. Retrieved September 23, 2006, from www.wallacefoundation.org.

Leithwood , K. Wahlstrom , K (2008) Linking Leadership to Student Learning : Introduction. Educational Administration Quarterly. 44 (4).455-457

Leithwood, k., Patten, s., & Jantzi, D. (2010). Testing a Conception of HowSchool Leadership Influences Student learning. Educational Administration Quarterly, 46, 671-706.

Leithwood, k., & Riehl, C. (2005). What Do We Already Know About Educational Leadership? : In V , Firestone & C , Riehl (Eds) , A New Agenda for Research in Educational Leadership. Teachers College Press.

Lok, P., & Crawford, J. (2001). Antecedents of organizational commitment and the mediating role of job satisfaction. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 16(8), 594-613.

Mascall, B., Straus, T., & Sacks, R. (2008). The relationship between distributed leadership and teachers’ academic optimism. Journal of Educational Administration, 46(2), 214-228.

McGuigan, L., & Hoy, w. (2006). Principal leadership: Creating a culture of academic optimism to improve achievement for all students. Leadership & Policy in school, 5(3), 203-229.

Meyer, J., & Allen, N. (1997). Commitment in the Workplace: Thousand Oaks, CA:Sage.

Michaelowa, L. (2002). Teacher Job Satisfaction,Student Achievement, and the Cost of Primary Education in Francophone Sub-Saharan Africa: Hamburgisches Welt-Wirtschafts-Archiv (HWWA) Hamburg Institute of International Economics. Mowday, R. T., Steers, R. M., & Porter, L. W. (1979). The measurement of organizational commitment, Journal of Vocational Behavior, 14(2), 224 – 247.

Nguni, S., Sleegers, P., & Denessen, E. (2006). Transformational and Transactional Leader ship Effects on Teachers’ Job Satisfaction, Organizational Commitment and Organizational Citizenship Behavior in Primary Schools: The Tanzanian Case. school Effectiveness and School Improvement, 17(2), 145-177.

Park , I (2005) Teacher Commitment and its Effect on Student Achievement in American High School. Educational Research and Evaluation. 11(5).461-465.

Rossmiller, A. (1992). The secondary school principal and teachers’quality ofwork life. Educational Management & Administration, 20(3), 132-146.

Ross, J., & Gray, P. (2006). School Leadership and Student Achivement:The Mediating Effects of Teacher Beliefs. Canadian Journal of Education, 29(3), 798-822.

Rose, R., Beh, L., Uli, J., & Idris, K. (2006). An analysis of quality of work life(QWL) and carrer-related variable. American Journal of Applied Sciences, 3(12), 21-59.

Sancar, M. (2009). leadership behaviors of school principal in relation to teacher job satisfaction in north Cyprus. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, 1, 2855-2864.

Scheerens, J. (2000). Improving school effectiveness. Fundamentals of educational planning, 68.

Smith, P., & Hoy, w. (2007). Academic optimism and student achievement in urban elementary schools. Journal of Educational Administration, 45(5), 556-568.

Silins , H . Mulford , B (2002) Leadership and School Results , In Leithwood, K , & Hallinger , P (2002). Second International Handbook of Educational leadership and Administration . Norwell , M A : Kluwer

Academic Publishers . PP 561-612.

Singh, K., & Billingsley, B. (1998). Professional support and its effects on teacher commitment. Journal of Educational Research, 91(4), 229-239.

Spillane, J. (2006). Distributed Leadership: JOSSY-BASS.

Spillane, J., Diamond, J., & Halverson, R. (2001). Investing school leadership practice: A distriduted perspective. educational Researcher, 30(3), 23-28.

Spillane, J., Halverson, R., & Diamond, J. (2004). Toward a Theory of Leadership Practice : A Distributed Perspective. Journal of Curriculum Studies 36(1), 3-34.

Wagner, C (2008) Academic Optimism of Virginia School Teachers : Relationship to Organizational Citizenship Behaviors and Student Achievement . Dissertation Presented to The Faculty of the school of Education. www.ProQuest. Com