تعیین میزان شیوع اضطراب امتحان و ارتباط آن با عملکرد تحصیلی در دانش آموزان دبیرستانی استان سیستان و بلوچستان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

استادیارگروه روانشناسی دانشگاه سیستان و بلوچستان

چکیده

هدف از پژوهش حاضر تعیین میزان شیوع اضطراب امتحان و ارتباط آن با عملکرد تحصیلی در دانش آموزان دبیرستانی
استان سیستا نوبلوچستان بود. روش پژوهش حاضر روش توصیفی و جامعه مورد پژوهش کلیه دانش آموزان دختر و پسر
دبیرستان های استان سیستا ن وبلوچستان از یازده شهرستان و بخش های مربوطه به تعداد 36624 نفر بودند. نمونه مورد
مطالعه 374 دختر و 378 پسر بود. روش نمونه گیری خوشه ای چندمرحله ای و تعیین حجم نمونه از فرمول کوکران با
میزان خطای 5 درصد بدست آمد. برای جمع آوری اطلاعات از مقیاس اضطراب امتحان ساراسون استفاده گردید. یافته ها
نشان م یدهد که 1/ 41 درصد از دانش آموزان دبیرستانی مشکوک به اضطراب امتحان می باشند. شیوع اضطراب امتحان
در دختران بیشتر) 5/ 46 ( از پسران ) 7/ 35 ( بود. همچنین میانگین های نمرات اضطراب امتحان در دو گروه دختر و پسر در
سطح یک درصد تفاوت معناداری داشت و میانگین نمره اضطراب امتحان دختران بیشتر از پسران بود. ضریب همبستگی
پیرسون نشان داد که بین اضطراب امتحان و عملکرد تحصیلی رابطه معکوس و معناداری وجود دارد همچنین نتایج
رگرسیون برای پیش بینی عملکرد تحصیلی نشان داد که اضطراب امتحان پیش بینی کننده عملکرد تحصیلی است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


Aboulghasemi, A., Golpour, R., Narimani, M., and Ghamari, H. (2009). The Relationship between metacognitive beliefs and academic success of students with test anxiety. Journal of Education and Psychology, 10(20), 3-5. [ persian ]

Akbari Borang, M., and Amin Yazdi, S.A. (2009). Self-efficacy beliefs and test anxiety in students of Islamic Azad Universities in South Khorasan. Journal of Gonabad University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, 15(3), 70-77. [ persian ]

Andrew, J., Elliot, A., Holly, A., & McGregor, M. CA (2001). Achievement goal framework. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 3, 501-519.

Beirami, M., and Abdi, R. (2009). Effect of training mindfulness-based techniques to reduce test anxiety. Journal of Education, 2(54), 6-35. [persian]

Bidel ,dc., hughes, s., & terner, mw.(1993).test anxiety in african American school children .school psychology quarterly ,8(2),140-152.

 Bonaccio, S., Reeve, C .L.,Winford, E. C. (2013). Text anxiety on cognitive ability test can result in differential predictive validity of academic performance. Personality and Individual Differences, 52(4), 497–502.

Boor, M. (1980). Test anxiety and classroom examination performance: A reply to Daniels and Hewitt (1978). Journal of Clinical Psychology, 36(1), .971-771

Comunian, A.L. (1993). Anxiety, cognitive interference, and school performance of Italian children. Psychological Reports, 73, 747-54.

Dadsetan, P. (1997). Evaluation and treatment of test anxiety. Journal of  Psychology, 1(1), 31-60. [ persian ]

Dendato, K. M., Diener, D. (1986). Effectiveness of cognitive/relaxation therapy and study-skills training in reducing self-reported anxiety and improving the academic performance of testanxious students.Journal of Counseling Psychology, 33, (2), 131-137.

Ghavidel, H., Aliaghadam, A., and Aghazadeh, R. (2010). The interactive effects of personality traits and self-regulated learning on the academic performance of students studying in different fields of study in Islamic Azad University and Payam-e-Noor University in Maku. Journal of New ideas in Educational Sciences, 5(2), 143-165. [ persian ]

Guida, F., & Ludlow, L. (1989). A cross-cultural study of test anxiety. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 20, 178-190.

Hill, K.T. (1984). Debilitating motivation and testing: A major educational problem,possible Solutions, and policy applications, In R. Ames & C. Ames (Eds), Research on motivation inEducation.student motivation (vol.1). New York: Academic press.

Hoomand, F. (1994). Examining test anxiety and variables related to it in the third grade secondary school students in Shiraz. MA Thesis, Shiraz University. [ persian ]

Ja’fari, F. (2004). Stressors in 13-year-old adolescents studying in selected secondary schools in Kermanshah. Journal of Improvement, 1(1), 35-42. [ persian ]

Keogh, E., & French, C. C. (2001). Test anxiety, evaluative stress, and susceptibility to distraction from threat. European Journal of Personality, 15, .141–321

Lashkaripour, K., Bakhshani, N.M., and Soleimani, M.J. (2006). Examining the relationship between test anxiety and academic performance in secondary school students in Zahedan in the academic year 2005-2006. Tabib-e-

Shargh, 8(4), 253-259. [ persian ]

Liebert, R. M., & Morris, L. W. (1967). Cognitive and emotional components of test anxiety: A distinction and some initial data. Psychological Reports, 20, 975–978.

McDonald, A. S. (2001). The prevalence and effects of test anxiety in school children. Educational Psychology, 21, 89-102.

Mehrabizadeh Honarmand, M., and Haghighi, K. (2007). Study the effects of systematic desensitization on test anxiety and academic performance. Quarterly of Applied Psychology, 2(30), 5-23. [ persian ]

Mirsamiee, M., and Ebrahimi Ghavam, S. (2008). Examining the relationship of self-efficacy, social support and test anxiety with mental health of male and female students of Allameh Tabatabaiee University. Journal of Psychology and Educational Sciences, 7, 72-93. [ persian ]

Moaddeli, Z., Ghazanfari, M., and Abadi, H. (2005). Study the level of test anxiety in students of Hazrat Fatimah (sa) School of Nursing and Midwifery in Spring 2004. Journal of developmental Steps in Medical Education, 1(2), 57-63. [ persian ]

Mousavi, M., Haghshenas, H., Alishahi, M.J., and Najmi, S.B. (2008). Test anxiety and some of the social and individual factors associated with it among high school students in Shiraz. Behavioral Science Research, 6(1), 17-24. [ persian ]

Narimani, M., Islamdoost, S., and Ghaffari, M. (2006). The causes of test anxiety in students and methods of dealing with it. Journal of Research and Planning in Higher Education, 41, 23-39. [ persian ]

Pashaeepour, Z., Taghipur, E., and Khoshkonesh, A. Gh. (2009). The impact of training skills of coping with emotions on test anxiety and academic performance of female high school students. Applied Psychology, 3(12),

7-20. [ persian ]

Putwain, D .W. , Daly,A. L. (2013). Do clusters of test anxiety and academic buoyancy differentially predict academic performance?. Learning and Individual Differences, 27, 157–162

Research and Applications.Lawrence Erlbaum Asssociates, Hillsdale, NJ, pp. 15–42.

Sarason, I.G. (1975). Anxiety and self – preoccupation.In I.G. Sarason& C.D. Spielberger (eds.). Stress and Anxity. Vol. 2, New York: Hemisphere/ Hastead.

Sargolzaei, M. (2003). Effects of cognitive-behavioral approach and neurolinguistic programming in controlling test anxiety. Journal of Mental Health Principles, 5(17), 34-48. [ persian ]

Sepehrian, F., and Rezaiee, Z. (2010). Prevalence of test anxiety and effects of coping therapy on reducing it and increasing female high school students’ academic performance. Journal of Curriculum, Science and Research, 25, 65-80. [ persian ]

Shairee, M.R., Mollamirzaee, M.A., Parvari, M., Shahmoradi, F., and Hashemi, A. (2004) Study of test anxiety and academic achievement with regard to gender and field of study among high school students. Knowledge and Behavior, 11(62), 6-55. [ persian ]

Sieber, J.E. (1980). Defining test anxiety: problems and approaches. In: Sarason, I.G. (Ed.), Test Anxiety: Theory,

Spielberger, C. D. (1980). The Test Anxiety inventory. Palo Alto, CA; Consulting Psychology, Press, Inc.

Tavasoli Roodsari, N. (2000). Examining the relationship between fear of success and test anxiety in male and female volunteer students studying in the field of mathematical physics in Roodsar. MA Thesis, Tehran Teacher

Training University. [ persian ]